Bibliography of Ski Reference Works, John Allen

Ski Bibliography

ISHA’s Guide to Ski-History Reference Works Worldwide 

By E. John B. Allen

This bibliography provides a guide to 375 articles and reference books that explore the history of skiing worldwide. It’s designed to provide a starting point for anyone wanting to learn more about the history of skiing.

The material is organized as an “enumerated bibliography,” meaning it lists books in topical fashion, from ski bibliographies (by country of origin) to general histories, national histories, the Winter Olympics, instruction, ski jumping and more. It is a work in progress and will be continually updated as new books are published.

Thanks to the Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS) and the International Skiing History Association (ISHA) for funding this ongoing project.

TMS = Typed manuscript
HMS = Handwritten manuscript

Table of Contents

1.  Bibliographies

2.  Journals

3.  General Histories of Skiing

4.  BC to Middle Ages

5.  National, Regional, Topical Histories

6.  Winter Olympics

7.  Instruction

8. Exploration and Mountaineering on Skis

9.  Ski Jumping

10. Personalities, Autobiographies and Biographies

11. Women

12. Military

13. Skiing in Film, Photo and Art

14. Miscellaneous




English Language Works


Adler, Allen, National Ski Register—Books.  Barton, VT, USA: Netco, 1992.


Brown, Karl (Ed.), Modern Olympics: A List of Reference Material in the New York Public Library.  New York: New York Public Library, 1939.


Brown, Rebecca J. (Ed.), Snow Studies: A Bibliography with Abstracts (Search Period Covered 1964-Oct.1974). Springfield, VA: NTIS, US Department of Commerce, 1975. Volume II: 1975-October 1977, published in 1977.


Burnes, Grant, The Sports Pages: A Critical Bibliography of Twentieth Century American Novels and Stories.  Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1987, Chapter 13.


Cross Country Skiing: Video/Film Directory. McLean,VA.: Ski Industries ofAmerica, 1987.


Dyson, R. G., New Zealand Skifields: A Preliminary Bibliography.  Wellington, NZ: Department of Lands and Survey, 1978.


Fedden, Henry R., A Bibliogrphical Note on the Early Literature of Skiing in English. London (?): Author, 1960.


Forkes, David, Skiing: An English Language Bibliography 1891-1971.  Vancouver, BC, Canada: Author, 1975.


Foster, Fred W., Bibliography of Skating.  London: W.W. Warburst, 1898, with a few pages of ski material.


Goeldner, Charles R. et al., Bibliography of Skiing Studies.  Boulder, CO., USA: Business Research Division, University of Colorado, 1972.  Also in 1973, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1989.


Gonzales, Diana, Bibliography of Skiing Studies.  Business Research Division,University ofColorado. McLean,VA.,USA: Ski Industries ofAmerica, 1989.


Morales, Leslie Anderson, Ski Resort Design: A Bibliography. Monticello, IL.:Vance Bibliographies, 1990.


Perla, Ron, Guide to Collection of References, Abstracts, and Books on Snow and Avalanches.  Alta Avalanche Study Center, no. 101.  [?]: USDA Forest Service, Wasatch National Forest, 1971.


Schwartz, Gary H. and Allen Adler, Skiing Literature: A Bibliographic Catalogue.  Mill Valley, CA, USA: Wood River Publishing, 1995.


USDA Forest Service, Bibliography of Avalanche Literature: Supplement 1.  Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service, 1964.


Vance, Mary A.  Ski Facilities: A Bibliography.  Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies, 1981.


White, Anthony G., Skiing Facilities: A Selected Bibliography.  Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies, 1983.


Wicken, Ingrid P., Science and Medicine in Skiing: A Bibliography.  Riverside, CA: Author, 1997.


Williams, Peter W., James F. Burke, Carol S. Williams, Ski Area Planning, Marketing and Management: A Selected Bibliography.  Logan, UT: Institute of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, Utah State University, 1979.


Yaple, Henry M. Skiing Bibliography.  2 vols.  Woodbury, CT, USA: International   Skiing History Association, 2007.





Österreichisches Dokumentations- und Informationszentrum für Sportwissenschaftern (ÖDISP), Universitätssportzentrum Schmelz, Austrian Bibliographical References Skiing Literature: Dokumentationsstudie.  Östereicchische Beiträge zum Skilauf von dem Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart.  TMS in the Institut für Sportwissenschaften, University of Vienna.





Achard, Michel, La connaissance du ski en France avant 1890 (approche bibliographique 16 e – 19e siècle).  Le Bessat: Achard, 2011.

Achard, Michel, Le Ski: Bibliographie et iconographie.  Les sources de l’histoire du ski du 16c siècle à 1918.  2nd edition 2014 on CD.


Baretje, René and A. Lara, Tourisme et Hydrome: Sports d’Hiver.  Aix-en-Provence: Centre des Hautes Études Touristiques, 1990.





Amanshauser, Gerhard and Peter Weiermair, Winterspiele: Neue Skigeschichten.  Salzburg: Residenz Verlag, 1975.


Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln, has Diplomarbeit on the following subjects: Baumann, Alpine competition; Emde, ?; Joemann, Nordic competition; Jordan, Technical development of jumping; Hahn, Alpine danger; Pitzen, Development of cross country, especially skating style; Sauter, Ski acrobatics; Schipike, Ski touring and climbing; Theiss, Patrol races and Biathlon.


Deutsche Sporthochschule, Skisport, Alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Sportliteratur.  Köln: Zentralbibliothek der Sportwissenschaften, 1985.


Ehrler, Wilfried, Skiliteratur, Deutschsprachige Veröffentlichungen von den Anfängen des Skilaufes in Mitteleuropa bis zum Jahr 1959. Leipzig: Veröffentlichungen der Bibliothek der Deutschen Hochschule für…, 1961.


Ehrler, Wilfried and Gotthard Schimizek, Skiliteratur.  Deutschsprachige Veröffentlichungen 1960-67.  Mit Annotationen.  Leipzig: Hochschule f. Körperkultur, 1968.


Gleixner, Paul and Waltraut Dollinger, .  Verzeichnis d. Ski u. Wintersportliteratur.  München: Wehrbereichsbibliothek Sechs, 1969,


Hoek, Henry, Die Schi-Literatur (bis 1.januar 1908).  Freiburg: O.Verlag, c. 1908.


Holz, Peter, Eine Bibliographie ausgewählter Literatur im Bereich Skilaufs: Skilauf in der Sportleherausbildung.  Arbeits-Gemeindschaft Ausbildung im Skilauf an der Hochschule (AASH), Heft 2.  Esslingen: 1976.


_____, Ergänzungen zu einer Bibliographie ausgewählter Literatur im Bereich des Skilaufs, Stand 1977.  Skilauf in der Sportlehrerausbildung Arbeeitsgemeinschaft Ausbildung im Skilauf an Hochschulen (AASH), Heft 3.  Esslingen:  1977.


Holz, Peter and Helga Holz, Auswahlbibliographie zu veschiedenen Bereichen des Skilaufs, Stand 1977, Skilauf in Theorie und Praxis, Material für die Ausbildung im Skilauf.  Stuttgart: 1982.


Lennartz, Karl, Bibliographie Geschichte der Leibesübungen, Bd: 3 Sportarten, Heft 2 Skisport bis Wintersport, Register 6, Seminar für Leibeserziehung der Pädagischen Hochschule Rheinland Abteilung Köln.  Köln, 1974, 139-156.


Sauter, Hans Jörg, Bibliographie zur Skiakrobatik.  Köln, 1993. [Diplomarbeit]


Trojan, Wilhelm, Bibliographie der Jahrbücher des Österreichischen Kuratoriums für Alpine Sicherheit.  Wien: Das Kuratorium, 1981.





Birolini, Leonello and Paolo Fassi, Il Camminalibro: Catalogo del Patrimonio Librario delle Sottosezioni del CAI della Media Valle Seriano.  Albino: CAI, 1996.





Halldis, Aubert, Ski-Idretten International Preliminaer Bibliografi-Boker og Artikler 1968-73.  Oslo: Norges Idrettshøgskole, 1973[?]  TMS in Holmenkollen museum.





Grys, Iwona, Nowosci dotyczáce narciarstwa w zbiorach Akedemii Wychowania Fizcznego w Warzawie, Krakowie, museum Sportu i Turystyki w Warzawie, pozyskane w latach 1998-2000.  Warsaw: Author, 2000, TMS.


Mlodzikowskiego,  G. and J.A. Ziemilskiego, Narciarstwp; zarys encyklopedyczny.  Warsaw: Sport i Turystyka, 1957, 712-718.


Ziemba, Stanislaw, Sladami dwóch desek: zarys dziejów narciastwa.  Krakow: Wydawn, Literacki, 1955. Titles in Polish, German, French, English.





Agranovskii, Miron A., Bibliograficheskii ukazatel’ nauchnioi i metodicheskoi literatury po lyzhnomu sportu (s.1896. po 1957 g.).(Bibliography of Scholarly and Pedagogical Literature on Skiing, 1896-1957.  Moscow: State Institute of Physical Culture, Department of Skiing, 1957,)  In cyrilic.




Register till “På Skidor” 1892-1974.  TMS in Svenska Skidmuseet, Umeå.


Suokas, Paulina, Svensk Idrottshistorisk Bibliografi til och med 1997.  Stockholm: Idrottshogskolan, 1998.


Wikstrom, Fritiof, Svensk Idrottslitteratur 1766-1950. Stockholm, 1965.


Yttergren, Leif, Svensk Idrottshistorisk Bibliografe til och med 1992.  Stockholm: Stockholms Universitet Historiska Institutionen, 1992.







Australia:  Australian Ski Year Book 1928-1932 which was then incorporated into the Australian and New Zealand Ski Year Book 1932-1947, and then under its original title from 1948-1971, organ of the Australian National Ski Federation although published by the New South Wales Ski Council.  From1972-1978, continuing as the organ of the Australian National Ski Federation, it was published by the Victorian Ski Association. It became the Australian Ski Yearbook from 1979-1994.


Schuss 1935-1961, organ of the Ski Club of Victoria.



Austria: Allegemeine Sport Zeitung, although not a strictly ski paper, has the most coverage of early skiing in Austria from the 1890s until the specialist magazines appear.


     Der Schnee 1905-1931, organ of Zdarsky’s Internationalen Alpen-Skieverein.


Wintersport im Oesterreichischen Ski-Verein 1909/10, organ of the Austrian Ski Association.


Wintersport in Steiermark 1906, 1908-09, organ of the Landesverband für Fremdenverrkehr.


Wintersport im Bereich des steirischen Erzberges (Vordenberg, Präbichl, Eisenerz) 1909.


     Nachrichten für den Wintersport 1906, published in Graz.


Canada: Canadian Ski Year Book 1923-1933, then changed to Canadian Ski Year Book 1934-1940.


Ski Canada Journal 1972, changed from newspaper format to magazine and with name change to Ski Canada 1974- present.



Finland: Hiihtäjän Vuosikirja (Skier’s Yearbook) 1937, 1940-1972, which changed title to Hiihtäjä 1973-present, organ of the Finnish Ski Association.


Ampumahiihtäjä (The Biathlonist) 1980-2011, organ of the Finnish Biathlon Association.


Skimbaaja (Skier) 1983-present.


Latu Ja Polku (Track and Path) 1974-present, organ of the Central Association for Orecreational Sports and Outdoor Activities inFinland.



France: Le Ski 1947-1966, organ of the Ski Club of Paris.


Sports de Neige et de Glace, later shortened to Neige et Glace 1923-1964.


     Revue du Ski 1930-1939, organ of the FFS.


Ski Français 1940- present, organ of the FFS.



Germany: Der Winter 1906/7-1969/70, organ of the DSV.


Deutscher Wintersport 1901-1914.


NS-Sport 1939-1944/45.


Ski-Chronik 1909-1913, organ of the MESV.


Ski 1948-2001, changed to Activ 2002-present.


East Germany: Skisport 1961/62-1989, Organ of the DSLV.



India: Ski Club of India Annual 1920-?



Japan: Ski Nenkan 1924-1943, organ of the Japanese Ski Association.


                  Ski Journal 1966-present.

Ski Graphic 1978-present.


Bravo Ski 2006-present.



New Zealand: Australian and New Zealand Ski Year Book 1932-1947 which changed to the New Zealand Ski Year Book 1949-1983, organ of the New Zealand Ski Council.



Norway: Aarbog Foreningen til Ski-Idrætten Fremme  1894/95- present.

Fri Flyt  (Freestyle).


Snø og Ski 1974-present.



Poland:   Narty & (The Ski &) 1989-1997, then changed name to Sportowy styl: magazyn       dla aktywnych (Sports Lifestyle—Magazine of Active People) 1998-2008.


                 Ski magazyn dla narciarzy (The Ski—Skier’s Magazine) 2000- present.


Magazyn NTN Snow & More (IST Snow & More Magazine [IST=Independent Ski Test]) 1997- present.


Resort Narciarski (Ski Resort) 2008-2010.


Wyciag Narciarski (Ski Lift) 2002-2007.



Slovenia:  Smuk 1970-1975, organ of the Ski Association of Slovenia.

Trainer and Ski Instructor 1963-1980, organ of the Ski Instructors Association of Slovenia and the Ski Association of Slovenia.


Smučanje 1980-1985, organ of the Ski Association of Slovenia.


Modre novice (Blue News) 2000-2009, organ of the Ski Association of Slovenia.



Sweden: På Skidor 1896-



Switzerland: Ski: Jahrbuch des schweizerischen Ski-Verbandes 1906-present.


Der Schneehase: Jahrbuch des Schweizerischen Akademischen Skiclubs (SAS) 1924-present.


Swiss Ski-Jahrbuch 2000-2004.


Snowactive: das Schweizer Schneesportmagazin 2005-present.


Swiss Snowsports 2002-present.



United Kingdom: Alpine Ski Club Annual 1908-1913 which was incorporated into the Year Book of the Ski Club of Great Britain.


Kandahar Review 1924-present.


     Public Schools Alpine Sports Year Book 1909-1931.


     Ski Notes & Queries 1911-1972 which was incorporated into Ski Survey.


     Year Book of the Ski Club of Great Britain (with variations of title) 1905-1914, 1920-1971 which became Ski Survey1972-1997, which became Ski and Board 1997- present.



United States: The Skisport 1906-1924 published irregularly.


USEASA Year Book 1929, NSA of America Year Book 1930-31.


Eastern Ski Annual (1934) became the American Ski Annual 1935-1957, then Eastern Ski Annual 1957-61.


Ski Magazine 1936- present.  By 1948 had absorbed Ski Illustrated (established 1935), Ski News (originally Empire Ski News established 1938), Western Skiing (established 1945), Ski Sheet (established 1946), and Ski Life (1958-61) in 1961.


National Skiing 1948-1958, became Skiing 1958-2011, and 2011-present publishing on line only.


Snow Country 1988-1999.


Blizzard 1989-1992, became Skiing Heritage 1993-present, organ of the International Skiing History Association.






Allen, E. John B., The Culture and Sport of Skiing: From Antiquity to World War II.  Amherst, MA, USA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2007.


_____., Historical Dictionary of Skiing. Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 2012.


Allen, E. John B. (Ed.), 2002 International Ski History Congress: Selected Papers from the Seminars held at Park City, Utah January 20-24, 2002.  New Hartford, CT, USA: International Skiing History Association, 2002.


_____ (Ed.), “The Spirit of Skiing”: Papers from the 2009 International Ski History Congress, Mammoth, California, USA.   [Denver]: International Skiing History Association, 2009.


Ballu, Yves, L’Épopée du Ski.  Paris: Arthaud, 1981.


_____, L’hiver de glisse  et de glace.  ?: Découvertes Gallimard Sports et Jeux, 1991.


Berg, Karin (Ed.), History of Skiing Conference.  Oslo: Skiforeningen, 1998.


Bompard, Jean-Jacques, Encyclopédie du ski.  Paris: Hermé, 2005.


Cereghini, Mario, 5000 Years of Winter Sports.  Milan: Edizioni de Milione, 1955.


Dudley, Charles M. 60 Centuries of Skiing.  Brattleboro, VT, USA: Stephen Daye Press, 1935.


Falkner, Gerd (Ed.), Internationale Skihistorigraphie und Deutscher Skilauf.  Planegg: DSV, 2005.


Fry, John, The Story of Modern Skiing.  Hanover, USA: University Press of New England, 2006.


Goksøyr, Matti et al (Eds.), Winter Games, Warm Traditions. Selected papers from the 2nd International ISHPES Seminar, Lillehammer, 1994.  Oslo: ISHPES, 1996


Guček, Aleš.  Po smučinah od pradavnine: Zgodovina smučanja.  Ljubljana: Magnolija, 1998.

Herzog, Marquart (Ed.), Skilauf—Volkssport—Medienzirkus: Skisport als

Kulturphänomen.  Stuttgart: Kohlmann, 2005.


Huntford, Roland, To planker og en lidenskap: Skiløpnings historie.  Oslo: Aschehoug, 2006. Translated from the ms. of Two Planks and a Passion. The Dramatic History of Skiing, before it was published in English.


_____, Two Planks and a Passion.  The Dramatic History of Skiing.  London: Continuum, 2008.


Jay, John, Skiing the Americas.  New York: Macmillan, 1947.


Kleppen, Halvor (Ed.), Winter Sport and Outdoor Life.  Papers presented at the Telemark Conference for Historians of Sports February 23-26, 2011.  Morgedal: Norsk Skieventyr, 2011.


Lunn, Arnold, A History of Skiing.  London: Oxford University Press, 1927.


_____, The Story of Ski-ing.  London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1952


Luther, Carl J., “Geschichte des Schnee- und Eissports,” in G.A.E. Bogeng (Ed.), Geschichte des Sports aller Völker und Zeiten.  2 vols.  Leipzig: Seemann, 1926, II, 497-557.


Mehl, Erwin, Grundriss der Weltgeschichte des Skifahrens. I: Von der Stienzeit bis zum Beginn der schigeschichtlichen Neuzeit (1860).  Schorndorf bei Stuttgart: Karl Hofmann, 1962.


Mogore,, Christian, La grande histoire du ski.  Chambéry: Agraf, 1989.


Palmedo, Roland (Ed.), Skiing: The International Sport.  New York: Derrydale Press, 1937.


Palmgren, Ulla (Ed.), The 2nd FIS Historical Conference  Helsinki, Lahti 2001.  Lahti: Esoprint, 2001.


Polednik, Heinz, Weltwunder Skisport.  Wels: Verlag Welsermühl, 1969.


Vaage, Jakob, Norske ski erobrer verden.  Oslo: Gyldendal, 1952.


_____, Skienes Verden.  Oslo: Hjemmenes, 1979.


Wergeland, O., Skiløbning, dens historie og Krigsanvendelse. Christiania: Schibsted, 1865.






Alsvik, Elling, “En helt annen verden?  Omskihistorie i Sovjetunion,” in Trøndelag Folkemuseum Sverresborg Årbok 1991. Trondheim: Trøndelag Folkemuseum,1991, 41-58.


      Berg, Gösta et al., Finds of Skis from Prehistoric Time in Swedish Bogs and Marshes.  Stockholm: Esselte, 1941, reprinted Stockholm: Generalstabens Litografiska Anstalts Forlag, 1950.


Berg, Karin, Ski i Norge.  Oslo: Aventura, 1993.


Bø, Olaf, Skiing Throughout History.  Oslo: Norsk Samlaget, 1993.


_____, Skiing Traditions in Norway.  Oslo: Norsk Samlaget, 1968.


Falkner, Gerd, “Ull und Skadi—Skibrauchtum und Götterglaube,” Fd Snow 28 (April 2006): 39-51.


Flaten, Rune, “Skadi and Ullr—God and Goddess of Skiing?” in Ulla Palmgren (Ed.), The 2nd FIS Ski Historical Conference, Helsinki, Lahti 16-18.2. 2001.  Lahti: Esoprint, 2001, 31-37.


Lid, Nils, On the History of Norwegian Skis.  Oslo: Foreningen til Skiidraettens Fremme, 1937.


Obholzer, Anton, Geschichte des Skis und des Skistockes.  Schorndorf bei Stuttgart: Hofmann, 1974.


Zhaojian, Shan and Wang Bo (Eds.), The Original Place of Skiing—Altay Prefecture of Xinjiang, China.  Xinjiang (?): People’s Sports Publishing House and Xinjiang People’s Publishing House, 2011.







Callender, Bill and Bruce Osborne (Eds.), Snow on St. Bernard: The Wangaratta

Ski Club Jubilee Book 1930-1980.  Victoria: Wangaratta Ski Club, 1980.


Clarke, Norman W., Kiandra—Gold Fields to Ski Fields.  Sydney: Cremorne

Self-Publishing, 2006.


Cross, Wendy, Australian Skiing: The First 100 Years.  Sydney: Walla Walla Press, 2012.


Larkins, John, The Story of the Snowy Mountains: Its History and People.  Sydney: Reed, 1980.


Lloyd, Janis M.  Skiing into History, 1924-1984.  Toorak: Victoria Ski Club, 1986.


Sheridan, Lynette, Shes and Skis: Golden Years of the Australian Women’s Ski club, 1932-1982.  Melbourne: Australian Women’s Ski Club, 1983.


Ward, G.R.T., The Diamond Jubilee of the Kosciusko Alpine Club.  Sydney: Kosciusko Alpine Club, 1969.




Aichner, Gerald, Die weisse Spur.  Tyroler Skitouren Geschichten: 100 Jahre Tourenlauf.  Thaur: Druck- und Verlagshaus, 1996.


Bronische, Alexander et al, Hahnenkamm.  The Chronicle of a Myth: 100 Years of the Kitzbühel Ski Club (K.S.C.). München: Kitzbühel Ski Club, 2003.


Brugger, Andreas, Vom Pioniergeist zum Massensport.  100 Jahre Skisprt im

Montafon.  Schruns: Heimatschutverein Montafon, 2006.


Glaser, Joachim (Ed.), 1911-2001: 90 Jahre Salzburger Landes-Skiverband.  Salzburg:

Salburger Landes-Skiverband, [2001?].


Hüttenegger, Theodor und Pfliger, Steirische Skigeschichte.  Graz: Steirischen Skiverbandes, [1968?].


Müller, Josef, “Vor zwanzig Jahren,” in Zwanzig Jahre Österreichischer Ski-Verein.  Wien: Österreichischen Ski-Verein, 1912, 5-23.


Polednik, Heinz, Das Glück im Schnee: 100 Jahre Skilauf in Österreich.  Wien, München: Amalthea, 1991.


     Schmal, Felix, Skisport in Österreich.  Wien: Beck, 1911.


Werthau, Elfriede und Heribert Thaller, Spuren die kein Wind verwebt: 100 Jahre steirische Skigeschichte.  Schladming: Einverlag, 1990.


100 Jahre Skilauf Vorarlberg.  Dornbirn: Vorarlberger Verlagsanstalt, 1986.





Ball, W. L., I Skied the Thirties.  Ottawa. Deneau Publishers, n.d. [1988?]


Corbet, Elise A. and Anthony W. Rasporich (Eds.), Winter Sports in the West.  Calgary: Historical Society of Alberta, 1990.


Douglas, Henry Percy, My Skiing Years: The Story of the Start and Development of Competitive Skiing in Canada.  Montreal, Canada: Whitcomb and Gilmour, 1951.


Lund, Rolf Tonning, History of Skiing in Canada Prior to 1940.  MA thesis,University ofAlberta, 1970.  TMS.


Marshall, Herbert, How Skiing Came to the Gatineau.  Ottawa [?]: Canadian Ski Museum [?], n.d.


McKenty, Neil and Catherine, Skiing Legends and the Laurentian Lodge Club.   Montreal: Price-Patterson, 2000.


Soucy, Danielle, Des traces dans la neige.  Cent ans de ski au Québec.  Montréal: Éditions La Presse, 2009.





Allen, E. John B., “Western Skiers in Eastern Cultures (China and Japan),” in

Gertrud Pfister and Liu Yueye (Eds.), Sports—the East and the West.  Documentary Volume of the 3rd International ISHPES Seminar: Sports—the East and the West, Shunde, Guangdong, China, 16-22 September 1996.  Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag,

1999, 44-49.


The History of skiing in China (In Chinese).  Beijing: Chinese Society for the History

Of Sports and Physical Education, 1994.



Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, Slovakia


Polednik, Heinz, Stolze Erinnerungen: Die Geschichte des Wintersportes in den Sudentenländern.  München: Buch- und Kunstdruckerei, n.d. [1971].





Vaiksaar, Arnold and Enn Mainla, “Winter Sports in Estonian Sports Culture,” in Matti Goksøyr et all (Eds.), Winter Games, Warm Traditions.  Lillehammer: ISHPES, 1994, 63-69.


Voolaid, Kalle, “Early Years of Skiing in Estonia—Foreign Influences and Local Interests,” in Ulla Palmgren (Ed.), The 2nd FIS Ski Historical Conference. Helsinki, Lahti 16.-18. 2. 2001.  Lahti: Esoprint, 2001, 17-22.





Claudelin, H. W, (Ed.), Oulun hiihto 1889-1938.  Oulu: Kalevan, 1939.


Eljanko, Harri and Jussi Kirjavainen, Suomen Hiihdon Historia 1886-1968.  Porvoo, Helsinki: Söderström, 1969.


Heikkinen, Antero,  Kansallisurheilun suuri nousu, 1918-1940.


     _____,  Suomen hiihtourheilun laajes, yhteiskunnalliset tavoitteet ja

Merkitys 1918-1940.  (The Extent, General Aims and Significance of Leisure-time

Skiing in Finland, 1918-1940).  Publication of the LTS [Finnish Society for Research in

Sport and Physical Education], No. 82,Lappeenranta, 1981.


_____, “The Political Function of Leisure-time Skiing in Finland, 1918-1940,” in Sport and Politics: Sport und Politik 1918-1940.  Proceedings/Bericht ICOSH Seminar, 1984.  Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1986, 105-112,


Nikkilä, Eino, Suksen Tarina.  Porvoo-Helsinki: Söderström, 1966.


Nygren, Helge, Pitka Latu: Vuosisata Suomalaista Hiihtourheilua.  Helsinki: Söderström, 1983. In English, French and German as well as Finnish.


Sandberg, Hugo Rich., Hiitourheilu Suomessa.  Helsingissä: Sundmanin, 1891.


­­­­­_____, Den Finska Skidan i Arbetets och Idrottens Tjanst.  Trans. from Finnish by Ossian Reuter.  Helsingfors: Söderström, 1893. (Finnish Skis in the Service of Work and Sport).


_____, Die Schneeschuhe und deren Anwendung in Finland.  Helsingfors: Weilin and Göös, [?]






Achard, M., Histoire du ski et des sports d’hiver dans le Massif du Pilat(Loire-Forez) de 1892 à nos jours.  Le Bessat-Saint-Etienne: Achard, 1989.


Arnaud, Pierre and Thierry Terret, “Le ski, roi des sports d’hiver,” in Thierry Terret (Ed.), Histoire des Sports: Espaces et temps du sport. Paris: Harmattan, 1996, 159-201.


Bérot, Marcellin, L’Épopée du ski aux Pyrénées.  Toulouse,Milan,Tarbes: Randonnées Pyrénéennes, 1991.


Fédération Française de Ski, Ski français 1924-1949.  Lyon: Durand-Girard, 1950.


Helly, Louis, Cent ans de ski français.  Grenoble: Éditions de Cahier de l’Alpe, 1966.


Lombard, Jean-Pierre, L’Histoire du ski dans les Alpes-Maritimes de 1909 à 1939.  Nice: Editions Gilletta, 1985.


Merle, Roger, Historie du ski dans le Briançonnais.  Gap: Ophrys Alpes etMidi, 1989.


Morales, Yves, Une histoire culturelle des sports d’hiver: Le Jura français des origins aux années 1930.  Paris: L’Harmattan, 2007.






     Allgeier, Sepp, Die Jagd nach dem Bild: 18 Jahre als Kameramann in Arktis und Hochgebirge.  Stuttgart: Engelhorn, 1931.


Deutscher Skiverband, 100 Jahre Deutscher Skiverband 1905-2005.  Planegg: DSV, 2005.


Falkner, Gerd, Chronik des Skisports in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik.  Planegg: DSV, 2002.


_____, 100 Jahre Deutsche Skiverband.  Chronik des deutschen Skilaufs von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. 3 vols.  Planegg: DSV, 2005.


Friedrich, Anton, Aus der Geschichte des Harzer Ski-Verbandes 1896-1936.  Clausthal-Zellerfeld, 1936.


Gattermann, Reiner, Skilauf im Bayerischen Wald: Anfänge und Entwicklung.  Grafenau: Morsak, 1986.


Krusche, Günter (Ed..), Vom deutschen Skilauf und 50 Jahre Deutscher Skiverband.  München: DSV, 1955.


Lauterwasser, Erwin, Rainer Mülbert, Fritz Wagnerberger (Eds.), Fazination Skilauf: vor hundert Jahren fing es an.  Heidelberg: Braus, 1995.


Ski-Club Freiburg 75 Jahre: 1895-1970.  Freiburg i B.: Ski-Club Freiburg, n.d. [1970].


Ski Club Todtnau, Ski Heil: an der Wiege des deutschen Skilaufs.  Freiburg i B.: Poppen und Ortmann, 1931.


Ski Club Todtnau, 100 Jahre Ski-Club Todtnau 1891 e.v.: Eine Chronik in bildern zum 100 jährigen Jubiläum des ältesten Skiclubs in Deutschland am 11./12. Oktober 1991.  Todtnau: Ski-Club Todtnau, 1991.


Spathelf, Klaus (Ed..), 100 Jahre Freiburger Ski-Geschichte: Ski-Club Freiburg e. V. 1895-1995.  Freiburg im Breisgau: Kehrer, 1995.





Chernelházi, Chernal Istvan, Lábszánkózás Kézikönyve.  Budapest: Lampel Róbert, 1897.





Einarsson, Thorsteinn,Winter Sport in Iceland,” in Matti Goksøyr et al (Eds.), Winter Games Warm Traditions.  Lillehammer: ISHPES, 1994, 54-62




Allen, E. John B.., “The Modernization of Skiing in the British Colones of New Zealand, Australia and India c. 1900-1940,” in Karin Berg (Ed.), History of Skiing

Conference, Holmenkollen, Oslo, 16-18. 9. 98.  Holmenkollen: Skiforeningen, 1998, 4-12.

Norris, Dermot, Kashmir: The Switzerland of India.  Calcutta: W. Newman, London: Forster Groom [1927?]





Agostino, M.  Lo Sci.  Milano: Corticelli, 1930.


Dibona, Marco and Mauro Polato, Cent’anni di sci dallo Sport Club Ampezzo allo Sci Club Cortina 1903-2003.  Cortina d’Ampezzo: Tipolitografia Print House, 2003.


     Ski Club Torino, La Storia dello Ski Club Torino e le Origini dello Sci in Italia.  Torino: Ski Club Torino, 1971.


Vida, F., Storia dello sci Italia, 1896-1975.  Milano: Milan Sole Editrice, 1976.


     Wachter, Michael, Dolomiti: Le montagne bianche.  Bolzano: Athesia                     Touristik, 2003.






Yamazaki, Sihoo, The History of the Development of Skiing in Japan. Tokio: Hobindo, 1936 (in Japanese).


Ogawa, Katugi, The Development of Skiing in Japan.  Tokio: Hobundo, 1956 (in Japanese).


     Allen, E. John B., “Western Skiers in Eastern Cultures (China and Japan),” in Gertrud Pfister and Liu Yueye (Eds.), Sports—the East and the West.  Documentary volume of the 3rd ISHPES Seminar: Sports—The East and the West, Shunde, Guandong, China, 16-22 September 1996.  Sankt Augustin: Academia 1999, 44-49.


Arai, Hiroshi, “Key Aspects on the Spread of Skiing in Japan,” in Ulla Palmgren (Ed.), The 2nd FIS Historical Ski Conference 16-18.2.2001.  Lahti: Esoprint, 2001, 95-98.


_____, “On the Progress and Course of Theodor von Lerch’s Dispatch to Japan and his Role as a Pioneer in the Development of Skiing,” in Gerd Falkner (Ed.), Internationale Skihistoriographie und Deutscher Skilauf.  Planegg: DSV, 2005, 13-17.


_____, “Theodor Edler von Lerch as a Pioneer of Japanese Skiing: That Half of His Life and Character,” in Winter Sport Museum (Ed.), 3rd FIS Ski Historical Conference.  Mürzzuschlag: Winter Sport Museum, 2004, 69-74.


Schneider, Hannes, Auf Schi in Japan.  Innsbruck: Tyrolia, 1935.





Frommelt, Martin, 50 Jahre Liechtensteinischer Skiverband 1936-1986.  Schaan: Liechtensteinischer Skiverband, 1986.


Goop, Peter und Klaus Schulz, Skisport in Liechtenstein.  Vaduz: Oehri, [1976].




Angell, Henrik, Gjennem Montenegro paa ski.  Christiania: Aschehoug, 1895



New Zealand


Boyd, S. B., The First Fifty Years: A History of the Otago Ski Club.  Dunedin: The Club, 1982.


Graham, J. C., Ruapehu: Tribute to a Mountain; The Golden Jubilee Book of the Ruapehu Ski Club.  A.H. and A.W. Reed, 1963.


William, Karen and David Bamford, Skiing on the Volacano.  Historical Images of

Skiing on Mount Ruapehu.  Wellington, N.Z.: Ruapehu Alpine Lifts, 1987.





Andersen, Roy, Oberst Angell: En nordmann på tvers.  Oslo: Aschehoug, 2000.


Bø, Olav, Norsk Skitradisjon.  Oslo: Norsk Samlaget, 1966.


_____, Skiing Throughout History.  Trans. by W. Edson Richmond.  Oslo: Norsk

Samlaget, 1993.


Bomann-Larsen, Tor, Den evige sne: en skihistorie om Norge.  Oslo: Cappelens, 1993.


Brathen, Harald, Skiforeningen, 100 år 1883-1983.  Oslo: Stiftet, 1983.


Christensen, Olav, Skiidrett for Sondre.  Vinterveien til et norsk selvbilde.  Oslo: Gyldendal, 1993.


Eggset, Alf and Jørn Sandnes (Eds.), På Trønderski.  Ski, skiløpning og skiproduksjon i Trøndelag gjennom tidene.  Trondheim: Tapir, 1988.  (Summary and conclusions in English, 181-186).


Foreningen til Ski-Idrættens Fremme gjennem 50 År: 1883-1933.  Oslo: Dybwad, 1933.


Haarstad, Kjell, Skisportens oppkomst i Norge.  Trondheim: Tapir, 1993.


Huitfeld, Fritz, Laærbog I Skiløbning.Christiania: Haffner og Hille, 1896.



Norske Skiløpere: Skihistorisk oppslagsverk i 5 bind.  Oslo: Ranheim, 1955-1960.


Stenseth, Bodil, En norsk elite—nasjonsbyggere på Lysaker 1890 – 1940.  Oslo: Aschehoug, 1993.


Vaage, Jakob, Holmenkollen.  Oslo: Sekkelsten & Sønn, 1971.




Pręgowski, Zenobiusz, Złota Księga narciarstwa polskiego: Karpaty Wschodnie.  Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Pttk ‘Kraj’, 1992.





           Frank, William D., “Modern Skiing in Pre-Revolutionary Russia.” In E. John B. Allen (Ed.), “The Spirit of Skiing”: Papers from the 2009 International Ski History Congress, Mammoth, California, USA.  [Denver]: International Skiing History Associaztion, 2009, 370-382.  


           Ramenskaia, T.I., Lyzhni vek Rossii.  3rd ed. Moscow: Sovetskii Sport, 1988.





Badjura, Rudolf, Bloško Starosvetno Smučanje in Besedje.  Ljubljani, 1956.

(Bloke Old Time Skiing and Terminology).


Batagelj, Borut, Izum smučarske tradicije: kulturna zgodovina smučanja na Slovenskem do leta 1941.  Ljubljana: Zveza zgodovinskih društev Slovenije, 2009.


_____, “ Discovering Bloke Skiing and its Mythical Dimensions,” in WinterSportMuseumMürzzuschlag (Ed.), 3rd FIS Ski History Conference.  Mürzzuschlag: Winter Sport Museum, 2004, 23-29.


_____, “Slowenische Skigeschichte und die Deutschen,” in Gerd Falkner (Ed.), Internationale Skihistoriographie und Deutscher Skilauf.  Planegg: DSV, 2005, 18-24.


Guček, Svetozar, Slovenija, zibelka smučanja v srednji Europi.  Lubljana: Kmečki glas, 1989.


Kump, Robert, Smuçar.  Ljubljana: Državna Založba Slovenije, 1948.


Orel, Boris, Bloske Smuci: Vprasanje Njihovega Nastanka in Razvoja: The Skis from Bloke; Their Origin and Development. Ljubljana: 1964.  Summary only in English.


Sugman, Rajko and Tomaz Pavlin, “The Organization of Slovenian Sport after World War I,” in Arnd Krüger and Angela Teja (Eds.),  La Commune Eredità dello Sport in Europa.  Atti del 1° Seminario Europeao di Storia dello Sport, 29 novembre-1 dicembre 1996.  Roma: Scuola dello Sport—CONI, 1997, 382-384.





Aróstegui, M.-G., and J.-L. Gilabert, El gran circo blanco: Historia del esqui alpino.  Valladolid: Miñón, 1980.


100 Anys d’Esqui a Catalunya 1908-2008.  Programa official d’actes.  [?]: Centre

Excursionista de Catalunya, Federació Catalana d’Esports d’Hivern, 2008.





Collinder, E., “Skidløpning,” in Viktor Balck, Illustrerad Idrottsbok.  Stockholm:

C. E. Fritze, 1888, 1-34.


Condé, Marie-Anne, Skidåkning i Sverige: Från Hedenhòs til Heijkensiötl.  Stockholm: Institute of Ethnology, Stockholm University, 1991. (Skiing in Sweden: From Ancient Times to c.1900).





Bonnetti, Fernando, Franco Cattaneo and Eugenio Filippini, 50 anni della Federazione Sci della Svizzera Italiana.  Lugano: [?] November 1991.


Caminada, Paul, Wintersport. Enstehung und Entwicklung: St. Moritz, Davos, Arosa,

Klosters, Lenzerheide, Flims.  Dissentis: Desertina, 1986.


Meier, Paul (Ed.),  75 Jahre Schwitzerischer Skiverband.  Jubiläums-Jahrbuch, 1979.   Derendingen: Habegger, 1979.


Mercier, Joachim, Aus der Urgeschichte des Schweiz. Skilaufes.  1928.


Tschappn, Werner (Ed.), Der älteste Ski-Club der Schweiz jubiliert 100 Jahre Skisport: Ski-Club Glarus 1893-1993.  Glarus: Ski-Club Glarus, 1993.






       Şaktimur, Şemsi, Ilk Milli Kayakçi: Türkiye’de Kayak Sporunun Tarihçesi.  Istanbul: Kendi Yanini, 1994. (First National Skier: The History of Skiing in Turkey).



United Kingdom



Lunn, Arnold, The Englishman on Ski.  London: Museum Press, 1964.


_____, Arnold, The Kandahar Story: A Tribute on the Occasion of Mürren’s Sixtieth Skiing Season.  London: Allen and Unwin, 1969.


_____, Arnold, Ski-ing.  London: Eveleigh Nash, 1913.


Simpson, Myrtle, Skisters: The Story of Scottish Skiing.  Cambridge, Inverness: Lndmark Press, 1982.




United States


Allen, E. John B.  From Skisport to Skiing: 100 Years of an American Sport, 1840-1940.  Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997.


_____, “The Modernization of the Skisport: Ishpeming’s Contribution to American Skiing,” Michigan Historical Review 16, 1 (Spring 1990): 1-20.


_____, “Sking Mailmen of Mountain America: U.S. Winter Postal Service in the 19th Century,” Journal of the West XXIX, 2 (April 1990): 76-86.



Berry, William Banks, Gold, Ghosts and Skis: Lost Sierra.  The Legendary Days of skiing in the California Mining Camps.  Soda Springs: Western Skisport Museum, 1991.

Besser, Gretchen R., The National Ski Patrol: Samaritans of the Snow. Woodstock,VT.: The Countryman Press, 1983.


Coleman, Annie Gilbert, Ski Style: Sport and Culture in the Rockies.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004.


Childers, Michael W., Colorado Powder Keg: Ski Resorts and the Environmental Movement.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2012.


Fry, John, The Story of Modern Skiing.  Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 2006.


Kelner, Alexis, Skiing in Utah: A History.  Salt Lake: Alexis Kelner, 1980.


Taylor, Dorice, Sun Valley.  Sun Valley: Ex Libris, 1980.


Waterhouse, Stephen L. et al. Passion for Skiing: The Story of How One Small College, Dartmouth College, Has Been the Dominant Institution in the Development of Modern Skiing.  Lebanon, N.H.: Whitman Communications, 2010.









Barney, Robert K, Stephen R. Wenn, Scott G. Martyn,  Selling the Five Rings: The

International Olympic Committee and the Rise of Commercialism.  Salt Lake City:

UniversityofUtahPress, 2002.


Comité International Olympique, L’Olympisme par l’affiche 1896-1984.  Lausanne: CIO, 1983.


Findling, John E., and Kimberley D. Pelle (Eds.), Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympic Movement.  Westport: Greenwood, 1996.


Georgiev, Nikolay, Analyse du programme des Jeux Olympiques d’hivers 1924-1998.  Lausane: IOC, 1995.


Gerlach, Larry (Ed.), The Winter Olympics: From Chamonix to Salt Lake City.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2004.

Guttmann, Allen, The Olympics: A History of the Modern Olympic Games.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.


Kluge, Wolker, Olympische Winterspiele—Die Chronik.  Berlin: Sportverlag, 1994.


_____., Winter Olympia Kompakt.  Berlin: Sportverlag, 1992.


Krüger, Arnd, “The History of the Olympic Winter Games: The Invention of Tradition,” in Goksøyr et al. (Eds.), Winter Games, Warm Traditions. Second International Society for the History of Physical Education and Sport (ISHPES) seminar, Lillehammer, 1994.  Lillehammer: Norwegian Society of Sports History, 1996, 101-122.


Lyberg, Wolf, The Book of Facts on the Olympic Winter Games of 1924-1992: Part I: The Particpants, the Medals, the Spectators.  Lausanne: IOC, 1992.


Marichev, gennadi, Winter Olympics 1924-2002: the Figures, the results, the Athletes.  Riga, Latvia: Demarko Sport Publishing, 2002.


Müller, Norbert, Manfred Messing, and Holger Preuss (Eds.), Von Chamonix bis Turin.  Die Winterspiele im Blickfeld der Olympiaforschung.  Kassel: Agon Sportverlag, 2006.

Onigman, Marc, “Discontent in the Olympic Winter Games, 1908-1980,” in Peter J.

Graham and Horst Ueberhorst (Eds.), The Modern Olympics.  West Point: Leisure Press,

1976, 226-247.


Renson, Roland, “The Cool Games: The Winter Olympics, 1924-2002,” in Gerlach, Larry (Ed.), The Winter Olympics: From Chamonix to Salt Lake City.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2004, 41-86.


Vallet, Stéphane, Les Jeux Olympiques d’hiver: 1924-1988.  Lyon: La Manufacture, 1988.

Wallechinsky, David, The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics.  New York: Overlook Press, 2001.



Pre 1924 and Chamonix 1924


Allen, E. John B., “‘We showed the world the Nordic way’”: Skiing, Norwegians, and the Winter Olympic Games of the 1920s,” in Kay Schaffer and Sidonie Smith (Eds.), The Olympics at the Millenium.  Power Politics and the Games.  New Brunswick, NJ and London: Rutgers University Press, 2000, 72-88.


Arnaud, Pierre and Thierry Terret, Le Rêve Blanc, Olympisme et Sport d’hiver en France: Chamonix 1924, Grenoble 1968.  Bordeaux: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux, 1993.


Hamilton, Ulf, “The Concours d’art in OS 1912,” in Agnieszka Majkowska et al (Eds.), Memory and Beauty.  Warsaw: Foundation of the Olympic Education Centre and the Museum of Sports and Tourism in Warsaw [2002], 99-106.


Helset, Olaf, “De første olympiske vinterleker—Chamonix1924,”  Norske Skiløpere: Østlanded Nord.  Oslo: Ranheim, 1955, 145-158.


Mo, Kristen, “Norwegian Resistance Against the Winter Olympics of the 1920s,” in Roland Renson et al (Eds.), The Olympic Games through the Ages: Greek Antiquity and Its Impact on Modern Sport.  Athens: Hellenic Sports Research Institute, 1991, 335-343.


Pallière, Johannès, “Les premiers Jeux d’Hivers de 1924: La grande bataille de Chamonix,” excerpt from L’Histoire en Savoie 103 (September 1991).


Terret, Thierry, “Prendre ses repères: La semaine international de sports d’hiver à Chamonix,” in Thierry Terret (Ed.), Les Paris des Jeux Olympiques de 1924.  4 vols. Biarritz: Atlantica, 2008, I, 57-81.


Vitalien, Pierre, La memoire des Iers jeux Olympiques d’hiver.  Chamonix 1924. 

Sérignan,France: Impri;merie Nouvelle Chamonix/Sallanches, 2004




1928 St. Moritz, Switzerland


Knoll, Wilhelm (Ed.), Die sportortzliche Ergebnisse der II. Olympischen Winterspiele in St. Moritz 1928.  Bern: Paul Haupt, 1928.




1932 Lake Placid, USA


Allen, E. John B., “The 1932 Lake Placid Winter Games: Dewey’s Olympics,” in Robert K. Barney et al, Olympic Perspectives.  Third International Symposium for Olympic Research.  London, Ontario, Canada: Center for Olympic Studies: October 1996, 161-171.


_____, “The Failure of Globalisation: Lake Placid Skiing,” Journal of Olympic History


Ortloff, George Christian and Stephen C. Ortloff, Lake Placid: The Olympic Years 1932 – 1980.  Lake Placid, Hollywood: Macromedia, 1976



1936 Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany


Gori, Gigliola, “Fascist Italy at the Winter Games of 1936,” in Matti Goksøyr et al

(Eds.), Winter Games, Warm Traditions.  Lillehammer: Norwegian Society of Sports History, 1996, 303-312.


Pfister, Gerrud, “Skiing, Gender and Nationalism in Garmisch, 1936,” in Matti Goksøyr, et al (Eds.), Winter Games, Warm Traditions.  Lillehammer: Norwegian Society of Sports History, 1996, 250-260.



1940 Sapporo, St. Moritz, Garmisch_Partenkirchen—never held


Scharenberg, Swantje, “Sapporo/St. Moritz/Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1940: Olympic Winter Games (Never Held),” in John E. Findling and Kimberly D. Pelle, (Eds.), Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympic Movement.  Westport: Greenwood Press,

1996, 242-245.


1944 Cortina d’Ampezzo—cancelled


Engelbrecht, Astrid, “Cortina d’Ampezzo 1944: Olympic Winter Games (Never Held),” in John E. Findling and Kimberly D. Pelle (Eds.), Historical Dictionary of the

Modern Olympic Movement.  Westport: Greenwood Press, 1996, 246-247.



1948 St. Moritz, Switzerland


Swiss Olympic Committtee, Rapport Général sur les Vès Jeux Olympiques d’Hiver St. Moritz 1948.  Lausanne: Swiss Olympic Committee, 1951.


1952 Oslo, Norway


Anderson, P.C., The Olympic Winter Games Oslo 1952. Oslo: Dreyer, 1952.


1956 Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy


Lechenperg, Harald, Olympische Spiele 1956: Cortina, Stockholm, Melbourne.  Munich: Copress-Verlag, 1956.


1960 Squaw Valley, USA


Antonucci, David C.  Snowball’s Chance: The Story of the 1960 Olympic Winter Games Squaw Valley & Lake Tahoe.  North Charleston, S.C.: BoodSurge Publishing, 2009.


Lembke, Robert E. Die Olympischen Spiele 1960, Eom-Squaw Valley.  Gotersloh: Bertelsmann, 1960.


1964 Innsbruck, Austria


Lechenperg, Harald, Olympische Spiele 1964: Innsbruck, Tokyo.  Munich: Copress-Verlag, 1964.  In English: Olympic Games 1964: Innsbruck—Tokyo.  New York: A.S. Barnes, 1964.



1968 Grenoble, France


Arnaud, Pierre and Thierry Terret, Le Rêve Blanc, Olympisme et Sport d’hiver en France: Chamonix 1924, grenoble 1968.  Bordeaux: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux, 1993.


Taillandier, Jean-Pierre and Robert Chastagnol, Xth Olympic Winter Games, Grenoble 1968.  Paris: Arthaud, 1967.


Terret, Thierry, “The Economic Impact of the Winter Olympic Games: The Example of Grenoble1968,” Abstracts Book of the 5th Beijing Forum (Pékin, 7-9 November 2008).  Beijing: [?], 2009.



1972  Sapporo, Japan


Daniels, George G.  The XIX Olympiad: Mexico City 1968: Sapporo 1972.  The

Olympic Century, vol. 18.  Los Angeles: World Sport Research and Publications, 1996.


Loew, Guy-Lioniel, “Karl Schranz and the International Debate on Amateurism, Sapporo 1972,” Olympika XVII (2008): 153-168.



1976 Innsbruck, Austria


Daniels, George G.  The XX Olympiad: Munich 1972: Innsbruck 1976.  The Olympic Century, vol. 19.  Los Angeles: World Sport Research and Publications, 1996.



1980 Lake Placid, USA


Madden, Robert, and Edward J. Lewi, eds.  Final Report/Rapport Final.  XIII Olympic Winter Games/XIII Jeux Olympiques d’Hiver.  Lake Placid, NY.  New York: Ed Lewi Associates, 1981.


1984 Sarajevo, Bosnia


Moravetz, Bruno, Sarajevo ’84.  Munich: Verlag für Sport und Kultur, 1984.


1988 Calgary, Canada



King, Frank W., It’s How You Play the Game: The Inside Story of the Calgary Olympics.  Calgary: Script, 1991.


Walmsley, Kevin, “Tradition, Modernity, and the Construction of Civic Identity: the Calgary Olympics,” Olympika 5 (1996): 81-90.



1992 Albertville, France


Daddario, Gina, “Chilly scenes of the 1992 Winter Games: The Mass Media and the Marginalization of Female Athletes,” Sociology of Sport Journal 11 (1994): 275-288.


Terret, Thierry, “The Albertville Winter Olympics Unexpected Legacy: Failed

Expectations of Regional Development,” International Journal of the History of Sport

(in press Nov 2008).



1994 Lillehammer, Norway


Klausen, Arne Martin (Ed.), Olympic Games as Performance and Public Event. The Case of the XVII Winter Olympic Games in Norway.  New York and Oxford: Bergbahn Books, 1999.


Puijk, Roel, Global potlights on Lillehammer: How the World Viewed Norway during the 1994 Winter Olympics.  Luton: University of Luton Press, 1997.


1998 Nagano, Japan


COJO Nagano. 1998.  The SVIII Olympic Winter Games.  Official Report.  3 vols. Nagano: COJO Nagano, 1998.



2002 Salt Lake City, USA


Romney, Mitt, Turnaround: Crisis, Leadership, and the Olympic Games.  Washington, DC:  Regnery Press, 2004.



2006 Torino, Italy


TOTOC, Official Report of the XX Olympic Winter Games.  3 vols.  Torino: TOROC, 2006.


2010 Vancouver, Canada


“Revisiting the XXI Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver,” in Robert K. Barney, Janice Forsyth, Michael K. Heine (Eds.), Rethinking Matters Olympic: Investigations into the Socio-Cultural Study of the Modern Olympic Movement.  London, Ontario: International Centre for Olympic Studies, 2010, 184-277.


Wallechinsky, David, and Jaime Loucky.  The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics: The Vancouver 2010 Edition.  Vancouver, Toronot: Greystone Books, 2009.


2014 Sochi, Russia






Barney, Robert K., Janice Forsyth, Michael K. Heine (Eds.), Rethinking Matters Olympic: Investigations into the Socio-Cultural Study of the Modern Olympic Movement.

London, Ontario: International Centre for Olympic Studies, 2010.


         Cantelon, Hart and M. Letters, “The Making of the IOC Environmental Policy as a Third Dimension of the Olympic Movement,” Internatonal Review for the Sociology of Sport 35 (2000), 294-308.


Doll-Tepper, Gudrun, “The Winter Paralympics: Past, Present, and Future,” in L. Gerlach (Ed.), The Winter Olympic Games: From Chamonix to Salt Lake City.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2002, 280-303.


Guttmann, Allen, The Games Must Go On: Avery Brundage and the Olympic Movement.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.


Lenskyj, Helen, Inside the Olympic Industry: Power, Politics and Activism.  Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000.


Wenn, Stephen R., “Television, Corporate Sponsorship, and the Winter Olympics,” in L. Gerlach (Ed.), -The Winter Olympic Games: From Chamonix to Salt Lake City.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2002, 155-184.





Abraham, Horst, Ski Right. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1983.


Allais, Émile, Paul Gignoux, Georges Blanchon, Ski Français. Grenoble: Arthaud, 1937.  Translated as How to Ski by the French Method. New York: New Directions, 1947.


Allen, E. John B. Teaching and Technique: A History of American Ski Instruction.  Latham, NY: E-PSIA, 1987


Bilgeri, Georg, Der alpine Skilauf.  2nd ed. München: Deutschen Alpenzeitung, 1911.


Bott, Pierre, “Alpine Ski Technique History.  ‘Birth’ of the French Method with Emile

Allais to the ‘Christiania Léger’ (1937-1960),” in Gerd Falkner (Ed.), Internationale

Skihistoriographie und Deutscher Skilauf.  Planegg: DSV, 2005, 39-44.


Caulfeild, Vivian, How To Ski and How Not To.  London: Nisbet, 1911


_____, Skiing Turns. With 8 cards in the back.  New York: Scribner’s, 1923.


Crichton Somerville, D.M.M., W.R. Rickmers and E.C. Richardson, Ski-Running.  London: Horace Cox, 1904.


     Fanck, Arnold und Hannes Schneider, Wunder des Schneeschuhs: Ein System des

Richtigen Skilaufens und seine Anwendung im alpinen Geländelauf.  Hamburg: Enoch, 1925.  In French as Merveilles du ski.  Paris: Fasquelles, 1931; in English: Schneider, Hannes and Arnold Fanck, The Wonders of Ski-ing: A Method of Correct Ski-ing and Its

Application to Alpine Running. London: Allen and Unwin, 1933 (trans. from 2nd German edition).  American edition, George Gallowhur trans. The Wonders of Skiing: A Method of Correct Skiing and Its Application to Alpine Running.  New York: Scribner’s, 1933.


Gal’, I.N., Rukovodstvo dlia biega na lyzhakh.  St. Petersburg: Gal’ and Co., 1903.  [Handbook for Running on Skis].


Guček, Aleš, Sledi smučanja po starem: Smučarske tehnike.  In the Tracks of Old-Time Skiing: Ski Techniques.  Lubljana: Združenje Učiteljev in Trenerjev Smučanja Slovenije (ZUTS), Ski Instructors and Trainers Association of Slovenia (SIAS), 2004.


Joubert, Georges, Jean Vuarnet, Modern Technique: Ski ABC.  Bourg: Editions Bressanes, 1957.


Kump, Robert, Smučanje.  Ljubljana: Samozaložba Klišeja Izdelala Klišarna Jugografika, 1931.


Lash, Bill, et al., The Official American Ski Technique.  New York: Cowles, 1964.


Murstad, Tomm, Se og Laer.  Oslo: Dybwads, 1941.


Palmedo, Roland (translator), The New Official Austrian Ski System.  New York: A. S. Barnes, 1958.


     Paulcke, Wilhelm, Der Skilauf.  Freiburg i. Breisgau: Fr. Wagner’sche Universitäts-Buchhandlung, 1899.


Ulmrich, Ekkehart, “100 Jahre Skitechnik—40 Jahre Interski-Kongresse,” in Ekkehart Ulmrich (Ed.), 100 Jahre Skitechnik—40 Jahre Interskikongresse: Indiviualisierung der Skitechnik. Planegg: DSV, 71-144.


Une Groupe du Skieurs, Technique et pratique du ski au Liban.  Beyrouth: Lettres Orientales, 1950.


Urdahl, Laurentius, Haandbog i Skiløbning.  Christiania: Bigler, 1893.


Zdarsky, Mathias, Lilienfelder Skilauf-Technic.  Hamburg: Richter, 1896.






Allen, E. John B., “Les origines exlusivement masculines du ski alpinisme,” in Cécile Ottogalli-Mazzacavallo et Jean Saint-Marin (Eds.) Femmes et hommes dans les sports de montagne: Au delà des differences.  Grenoble: Publications de la MSH-ALPES, 2009, 253-272.


Goldberg, Fred, “The Importance of Skis to the Success of Polar Expeditions,” in

Karin Berg (Ed.), History of Skiing Conference, Holmenkollen, Oslo, 16-18. 9. 98.  Holmenkollen: Skiforeningen, 1998, 28-35.


Kurz, Marcel, Alpinisme Hivernal.  Le Skieur dans les Alpes.  Paris: Payot, 1928.


Nansen, Fridtjof, À travers le Groenland.  Tranlated by Chrles Rabot.  Paris: Hachette, 1893.


Nansen, Fridtjof, Paa Ski over Grømland: en Skildring af den Norske Grønlands-Ekspedition 1888-89.  Kristiania: Aschehoug, 1890.


Nansen, Fridtjof, The First Crossiing of Greenalnd.  Trans. Hubert Majendie Gepp. 2 vols.  London: Longmans, Green, 1890.






Ashburner, Tim, The History of Ski Jumping.  Shrewbury: Quiller Press, 2003


Berg, Karin, Hopp, Jenter—Hopp!  Oslo: Shibsted, 1998.


Gleaves, John, “How Female Nordic Ski Jumping Challenges the IOC’s Approach to Gender Equality,” in Robert K. Barney, Janice Forsyth, Michael K. Heine (Eds.), Rethinking Matters Olympic: Investigations into the Socio-Culturazl Study of the Modern Olympic Movement.  London, Ontario: International Centre for Olympic Studies, 2010, 278-288.


Guček, Aleš, “The Birth and Development of Ski Flying,” in WinterSportMuseum(Ed.), 3rd FIS Ski History Conference.  Mürzzuschlag: Winter Sport Museum, 2004, 195-204.


Hoffmann, Annette, “Women Ski Jumpers Flying too High? The Never-Ending Fight for Olympic Recognition,,” in Halvor Kleppen (Ed.), Winter Sport and Outdoor Life.  Papers presented at the Telemark Conference for Historians of Sports. Morgedal: Norsk Skieventyr, 2011, 71-89.


Jahn, Jens and Egon Theiner, Enzyklopädie des Skispringens.  Kassel: Agon Sportverlag, 2004.


Triet, Max and Marcel Müller, “The Hindered Revolution or: Reinhard Straumann and his Struggle for an Objective Score in Ski-jumping (S-Scoring),” in Ulla Palmgren (Ed.), The 2nd FIS Ski Historical Conference. Helsinki-Lahti 16.-18. 2. 2001.  Lahti: Esoprint, 2001, 76-82.





Amstutz, Walter, “Portrait of a Pioneer, Sir Arnold Lunn, 1888-1974.” The Arnold Lunn Memorial Lecture under the Auspices of the ski club of Great Britain and the Alpine Ski Club, London, May 10th 1979.  Dubendorf: De Clivo Press, 1979.


Anderson, Roy, Oberst Angell: En nordmann på tvers.  Oslo: Aschehoug, 2000.


Clare, Michel, Jean-Claude Killy.  Paris: Hachette, 1968.


Fairlie, Gerard, Flight Without Wings: The Biography of Hannes Schneider.

New York: Barnes, 1957.  London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1957.


Fanck, Arnold, Er führte Regie mit Gletschern, Stürmen und Lawinen: Ein Filmpionier erzählt.  München: Nymphenburger, 1973.


Huntford, Roland, Nansen: the Explorer as Hero.  New York: Barnes and Noble,




Jurek, Tomasz, “Bronislaw Czech and Stanislaw Marusarz—Legends of Polish Skiing,” in Matti Goksøyr et al (Eds.), Winter Games, Warm Traditions.  Lillehammer: ISHPES, 1994, 284-289.


Kirnbauer, Gudrun und Friedrich Fetz, Skipionier Georg Bilgeri.  Feldkirch: Wolfgang Neugebauer, 2001.


     Steinshott, Kjetil og Knut Høihjelle, Sondre Nordheim fra Morgedal.  Trondheim: Tapir, 1993.


Stępień, Henryka, Mariusz Zaruski: Opowieść biograficzna.  Warszawa: Gregg, 1997.


Mehl, Erwin, Zdarsky: Festschrift zum 80. Geburtstage des Begründers der alpinen Skifahrweise 25.Februar 1936.  Wien-Leipzig: Deutscher Verlag für Jugend und Volk, 1936.


     Powell, Brian (Ed.), Jackrabbit: His First Hundred Years.  Don Mills: Collier Macmillan, Canada, 1975.


Thöni, Hans, “Fremdenverkehrspionier am Arlberg.  Das Schicksal des Rudolf Gomperz,” in Thomas Albrich (Ed.), “Wir lebten wie sie…”: Jüdusche Lebensgeschichten aus Tirol und Vorarlberg.  Innsbruck: Haymon, 1999, 123-146.


_____, Hannes Schneider zum 100. Geurtstag des Schipioniers und Begründers der Arlbergtechnik.  Innsbruck: Tyrolia, 1990.



White, Helen M., “Ski-Sport Heroes from Norway,” in Helen M. White, The Tale of a Comet and Other Stories.  St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1984, 128-151. (On the Hemmetsveits).






Allen, E. John B., “’With a minimum of fatigue’: Women’s Skiing before World War I,” in Ulla Palmgren (Ed..), The 2nd FIS Historical Ski Conference, 16-18.2001.  Lahti: Esoprint, 2001, 117-123.


Berg, Karin, Hopp, Jenter—Hopp!  Oslo: Shibsted, 1998.


“Frau im Schnee,” in Günter Krusche (Ed.), Vom deutschen Skilauf und 50 Jahre Deutscher Skiverband.  München: DSV, 1955, 28-29.


Hofmann, Annette and Alexandra Preuss, “Amazonen der Lüfte: Geschichte und Entwicklungen im Frauenskispringen,” in Gerd Falkner (Ed.), Internationale Skihistoriographie und Deutschen Skilauf.  Planegg: DSV, 2005, 105-114.


Martinelli, Vera, Zwischen Telemarkschwüngen und Sport Korsetts—Frauen und Skisport: Das Beispiel Schwarzwald.  Schornfdorf: Hofmann Verlag, 2008.


Marvingt, Marie, “Les femmes et le ski,” in Louis Magnus et Renaud de la Fregeolière, Les sports d’hiver.  Paris: Lafitte, 1911, 1788-181.


Pfister, Gertrud, “Gracefully and Elegantly Downhill.  Women and the Sport of Skiing in Germany(1900-1914),” in Matti Goksøyr et al, Winter Games, Warm Traditions.  Lillehammer: ISHPES, 1994, 223-239.


_____, “Von Skihasen und Damenläufen—Frauen im Skisport vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg,” in Gerd Falkner (Ed.), Internationale Skihistoriographie und Deutscher Skilauf.  Planegg: DSV, 2005, 147-158.






Burton, Hal, The Ski Troops.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1971.


Clerc, Capitaine, Rapport sur les Expériences de Skis Exécutées dans les Environs de Briançon par le 159 me Reg’ent d’Inf’rie au Cours des Hivers 1900-1901 et 1901-1902, HMS in Musée Dauphinois, Grenoble, France.


Eimeleus, E.  Lyzhi v voennom dielie.  St. Petersburg, 1912.  [Skiing in Military Work].


Falkner, Gerd, Skier für die Front.  Planegg: DSV, 2004.


Firsoff, V.A., Ski Tracks on the Battlefields.  New York: Barnes, 1943.


     Harper, Frank, Military Ski Manual: A Handbook for Ski and Mountain troops.  Harrisburg, PA: Military Service Publishing Co., 1943.


Leich, Jeffrey R., Tales of the Tenth. 2nd ed.  Franconia: New England Ski Museum, 2008.


Udy, Raimond, Kurze praktische Anleitung über den Gebrauch, die Conservierung und Erzeugung des Schneeschuhes für Militärzwecke.  Laibach: Udy, 1894.


Wergeland, Oskar, Skilöbningen, dens historie og Krigsanvendelse.  Christiania: Schibsted, 1865.







Allen, E. John B., “Leni Riefenstahl’s Skiing World,” in Laurent Daniel (Ed.), L’Art et le Sport.  Actes du XIIe colloqaue international du Comité européen pour l’histoire du Sports. 2 vols. I, 221-230.


Ammann, Gert, Alfons Walde 1891-1958.  Innsbruck-Wien: Tyrolia Verlag, 2001.


Audisio, Aldo, Snow & Ski: Neve e sci nei manifesti del cinema.  Torino: Museuo Nazionale della montagna. Torino: Museo Nazionale della Montagna, 1997.


Danĕk, Karel, Poesie Iyživáni: Poetry of Skiing.  An International Anthology of the Poetry of Skiing with a Sports Medical Introduction.  Nové Mĕsto, Moravia, 1990.


Fanck, Arnold, Er führte Regie mit Gletshern, Stürmen und Lawinen: Ein Filmpionier erzählt.  München: Nymphenburger, 1973.


Fanck, Arnold and Hannes Schneider, Wunder des Schneeschuhs: ein System des richtigen Skilaufens und seine Anwendung im alpinen Geländerlauf.  Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch, 1925.


Hamilton, Ulf, “The Concours d’art in OS 1912,” in Agnieszka Majkowska et al (Eds.), Memory and Beauty.  Warsaw: Foundation of the Olympic Education Centre and the Museum of Sports and Tourism in Warsaw [2002], 99-106.


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Krohn, Kristin Moe, et al., Snø og ski i Norsk malerkunst 1847-1924.  Oslo; Skiforeningen, 1999.


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 Swiss Poster Art 1906-1990 from the CIBA-GEIGY Collection.  New York: CIBA-GEIGT, 1991.


     Taroni, Giorgio, Carlo Pellegrini.  Pittore e Illustratore.  Como: Taroni, 2005.


Witt, Günter et al.  Skisport in der bildenden Kunst.  Leipzig: FIS, Marc Hodler Foundation, DSV, 2005. (See also Jahn).





Allen, E. John B. and Egon Theiner, FIS 100 Years of International Skiing.  Oberhofen: FIS, 2010.


Dalen, Arnold, “Scandinavian Ski Terminology,” History of Skiing Conference Holmenkollen, Oslo, 16-18. 9.98.  Holmenkollen: Skiforeningen, 1998, 48-57.


Gredig, Sylvia, Essai sur la formation de vocabulaire du skieur français.  Wadenswil: Villiger, 1939.


Jacquemin, Monique et Christine Tetet, Materiaux pour l’historie du vocabulaire français: Les sports de montagne.  Le Ski (fin xixe s.-v.1960).  Paris: Centree National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1990.


Jahnke, Britte und Claus Schüle, Entstehung und Entwicklung der paralympischen Winterspiele: Ömsköldsvik 1976 bis Turin 2006.  Cologne: Sportverlag Straus, 2006.


Kleppen, Halvor, Telemarkskiing: Norway’s Gift to the World.  Oslo: Det Norsk Samlaget, 1986.


Lesage, Jack et Pierre Ratinaud, La saga des remontées mécamoqies.  Grenoble: Amitel, 1993.


McBride, Simon and Alexandra Black, Ski Style: Alpine Interiors Architecture and Living Style.  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2001.


Mergen, Bernard, Snow in America.  Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.


Müller, Hans, “Die Lettner-Kante,” in Winter Sport Museum Mürzzuschlag (Ed.), 3rd FIS Ski History Conference.  Mürzzuschlag: Winter Sport Museum, 2004, 171-177.


Seligman, G.  Snow Structure and Ski Fields. London: Macmillan, 1936.


Vettenniemi, Erkki, “Is Norway the new East Germany?  Notes on the Post-2001 Image of Norwegian Skiing in Finland,” in Halvor Kleppen (Ed.), Winter Sport and Outdoor Life.  Papers presented at the Telemark Conference for Historians of Sports. Morgedal: Norsk Skieventyr, 2011, 266-274 (On Doping).